Can they guarantee that they won’t break? NO!
Just in case you don’t read to the end of this long post, let me begin by informing you that there have already been 2 leaks in North Dakota. One was a leak in Enbridge’s Line number 2 near Neche, North Dakota which was due to material defect. The second was on the Keystone pipe itself in Sargent County, North Dakota which was due to failure of a threaded connection. There were so many other leaks on this pipeline that TransCanada Corporation, the owner of Keystone was cited. The risk is not just to Lake Oahe, the water source for the Standing Rock Sioux, but also to the Missouri River which is the water source for 2.5 million people.
http://environmentmissouri.org/sites/environment/files/reports/Top_Ten_Frightening_-Facts_About_the_-Missouri_River_2010.pdf. The carcinogen Benzene will run into the headwaters of an important water source. Also, petroleum contains sulfur and nitrogen compounds, “which are dangerous by themselves and can react with the environment to produce secondary poisonous chemicals.” http://www.pollutionissues.com/Na-Ph/Petroleum.html
When I first saw what was happening in Standing Rock, I was angry. First of all, the United States Government was violating a treaty that the Sioux tribe had with the U.S. government – the 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie. Once again, our government was putting the desires of big money over the needs and rights of Native Americans. Haven’t we as a country done enough to the Native Americans of this land? When will we honor our treaties?
The Standing Rock Sioux tribe initiated a lawsuit against the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers because of its fear of damage to their drinking water and requested a temporary injunction against the construction. A Federal judge denied the injunction but the Department of Justice, the Army and the Department of the Interior took action to stop the construction. There was an alternate route for the pipeline that could have been taken, but that route took the pipeline near Bismarck. Of course that plan was abandoned. I think we can see why.
As you know, Trump has approved the construction of the pipeline to recommence, probably without ever reading all the issues surrounding the pipeline. Well, I live in Michigan and I remember the massive leak into the Kalamazoo River which began on July 26, 2010. The pipe belonged to Enbridge Energy Partners, LLC, owners of many other leaking pipe accidents. The Enbridge pipe burst and 800,000 gallons of crude oil spilled into Talmadge Creek, which feeds the Kalamazoo River. After two years, the NTSB found that the cause of the pipe burst was due to known but un-repaired cracks and external corrosion. “Press Release July 10, 2012”. NTSB.gov.
By my count, there have been at least 8 other leaks just in Michigan during the last 16 years. There is currently a pipe being built near my home in a beautiful recreation area with tens of miles of trails used by bicyclers, horseback riders, campers, joggers, walkers, etc.. Plus we have many lakes used for boating, fishing and swimming. Many of us live on well water. We are concerned.
The following information comes from a list of pipeline leaks in the U.S just since 2000. I include the Wikipedia link for this information at the bottom of this post. There are over 600 references for this Wikipedia article.
I think we can all appreciate the concerns of the Standing Rock Sioux tribe. However, “Keley Warren, CEO of Energy Transfer Partners defended the project in a September letter, downplaying its cultural impact and calling the protesters’ water safety concerns “unfounded”. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/dakota-access-protests-facts-facebook_us_5818baece4b064e1b4b4e3cf
I have listed the number of leaks by year according to the Wikipedia article.
|Year||# of leaks|